Forum Komunitas Pertanian Indonesia Agroteknologi

Discussion started by ratusaori 12 months ago

Forum dan Komunitas Pertanian Indonesia Agroteknologiwebid Raws li ib tug kev lag luam nyob rau hauv uas cov tsev neeg feem ntau qhia nyob rau hauv kev ua hauj lwm thiab nyob rau hauv lub ua liaj ua teb nws tus kheej, tag nrho cov tsev neeg yuav ua tau uas muaj feem yuav raug mob, kev muaj mob, thiab kev tuag. Common ua rau neeg tuag taus kev raug mob ntawm cov tub ntxhais ua liaj ua teb neeg ua hauj lwm muaj xws li poob deg, machinery thiab lub tsheb-hais txog cov xwm txheej. Lub International Labor Organization considers ua liaj ua teb "ib qho ntawm feem tej ntawm tag nrho cov nyiaj txiag sectors." Nws kwv yees tias lub xyoo ua hauj lwm txoj kev tuag tus xov tooj hu nrog ua liaj ua teb neeg ua hauj lwm tsawg kawg 170,000, ob zaug cov nqi nruab nrab ntawm lwm txoj hauj lwm. Nyob rau hauv tas li ntawd, incidences ntawm txoj kev tuag, kev raug mob thiab muaj mob muaj feem xyuam rau ua liaj ua teb kev ua ub no feem ntau mus unreported. Lub koom haum tau tsim cov kev nyab xeeb thiab noj qab haus huv nyob rau hauv Agriculture Convention, 2001, uas npog lub ntau yam ntawm kev pheej hmoo nyob rau hauv lub ua liaj ua teb txoj hauj lwm, cov kev tiv thaiv ntawm cov kev pheej hmoo thiab lub luag hauj lwm hais tias cov neeg thiab cov koom haum koom nyob rau hauv ua liaj ua teb yuav tsum ua si. Cropping tshuab sib txawv ntawm cov teb nyob rau hauv lub muaj kev pab thiab xyuas; geography thiab kev nyab xeeb ntawm cov ua liaj ua teb; tsoom fwv txoj cai; economic, social thiab kev nom kev tswv pressures; thiab lub philosophy thiab kab lis kev cai ntawm lub teb.


Hloov cov sau qoob rau (los yog slash thiab hlawv) yog ib tug system nyob rau hauv uas forests yog burnt, tso cov as-ham los pab txhawb cov sau qoob rau ntawm txhua xyoo thiab perennial ces cov qoob loo rau ib lub sij hawm ntawm ob peb lub xyoos. Ces tus zajlus yog tshuav fallow rau regrow hav zoov, thiab cov neeg ua teb tsiv mus rau ib tug tshiab zajlus, rov qab tom qab ntau ntau xyoo (10 - 20). Qhov no fallow lub sij hawm yog luv yog tias pejxeem ceev hlob, yuav tsum lub tswv yim ntawm cov as-ham (chiv los yog quav) thiab ib co phau ntawv kab no. Ib xyoos ib zaug sau qoob rau theem tom ntej ntawm kev siv nyob rau hauv uas muaj yog tsis muaj fallow lub sij hawm. Qhov no yuav tsum tau ntau tshaj as thiab kab tswj inputs. Ntxiv Industrialization coj mus rau qhov kev siv ntawm monocultures, thaum ib tug cultivar yog cog nyob rau hauv ib tug loj acreage. Vim hais tias ntawm cov uas tsis muaj biodiversity, as siv yog uniform thiab kab yuav tsa, necessitating ntau dua kev siv ntawm cov tshuaj tua kab thiab chiv. Forum dan Komunitas Pertanian Indonesia Agroteknologiwebid

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